| Information about Chernivtsy
Contemporary Chernivtsi is a regional center, which is situated on
the picturesque banks of Prut River and occupies an area of about 150
square km (85 square miles). The distance from Kiev is about 650 km (490
miles). Chernivtsi region borders on Moldova and Romania, the cities of
Ivano-Frankivsk and Ternopil and the Khmelnytskyi region (oblast) of Ukraine.
The current population of Chernivtsi is approximately 259,000 people (01.01.1998).
The first written record about
Chernivtsi was found in manuscripts of the Moldavian master Olexandr Dobryi
(the Good), given to merchants from Lviv on October 8, 1408. Each year
this date is officially celebrated as Chernivtsi's City Day. The town was
situated on the crossroads of Northern-Western Europe, and the Balkans
and Turkey. In 1457, it became a great marketplace and administrative center
for the whole region. The town was destroyed several times, was under the
Osman Empire, and from 1774-1918 the Austrian Empire ruled it. From 1918-1940
the region was part of Romania, in 1940-1991 it was part of the
USSR. From 1991 it is a regional centre of the Ukraine.
The city began to flourish in
1778 when Knight Karl Von Enzenberg was appointed as chief of the Military
Administration of Chernivtsi. He invited many merchants, craftsmen and
business people to help develop trade and other businesses. St.Peter's Fairs
(July 1-15) had given a new vibrant impulse to the market development from
From the middle of the 19th
century to the beginning of the 20th century many architectural monuments
were built and brought honor to the city: the Ratusha (the City Hall)
(1848); the Telegraph (1855); the Armenian Cathedral (1875); the Jewish
Synagogue (1877); the Drama Theater (1905); the Palace of Justice (1906);
and the Train Station (1908).
The most precious thing in the
treasury of famous architectural monuments in Chernivtsi - are the buildings
that currently house the Chernivtsi State University, a masterpiece made
by the Czech architect Josef Hlavka in 1875. They were originally the former
residence of the Bukovynian metropolitans. It's Romanesque and Byzantine
architecture is embellished with motifs of Ukrainian folk art, for example,
the tile roof patterns duplicate the geometric designs of Ukrainian weavings.
More information you can find on Chernivtsi City Official Site