Lviv (Lvov, Lwow, Loewenburg, Lemberg, Leopolis) - is the
city in western Ukraine. Its population is approximately
800.000. It was founded in the middle of the 13th century by
Prince Danylo Galytskiy, and named after his son Leo
("Lion") Leopolis. In different periods of his history Lviv
was Polish, Austro-Hungarian, Russian empire’s and USSR’s
city. Since 1991 it is a part of the independent Ukraine.
In the central part of Lviv there are many places of
historical, architectural and religious importance (some of
them belong to the 13th century). There are more than 30
historical, ethnographical, military museums and art galleries. Lviv has always been a significant educational center of
Eastern Europe - Ivan Franko National University, Lvivska
Politekhnika University and other higher educational
establishments are located there.
In 1998 the historical center of Lviv was included into the
"List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of UNESCO". We
can name just a few places of historical importance: Rynok
square ("Market") built [n the Renaissance style in the
16-18th century; Armenian Cathedral (the 14th
century); The Latin Cathedral (the 15th century); The Boim's
Chapel (the 17th century); Renaissance ensemble of the
Church of the Assumption (the 16th century); The Church of
Christ’s Body of the Dominican Order (the 18th century); St.
George’s Cathedral (the 19th century); Lviv Opera
House (the 19th century); Stryj park (founded in 1887). A
lot of ancient fortifications and religious buildings are
situated around Lviv - Olesko castle, Pidgirtsi castle.
Balneology centers in Truskavets, Morshyn and Skhidnytsia,
ski-centers in Slavsko and Tysovets.
are situated not far from Lviv.
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