Symmetry in Nonlinear Mathematical Physics - 2009
(Lavrentyev Institute of Hydrodynamics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia)
Analytic description of stationary ideal MHD flows with constant total pressure
Incompressible stationary flows of ideal plasma are observed. By introduction of curvilinear system of coordinates in which streamlines and magnetic force lines form a family of coordinate surfaces, MHD equations are partially integrated and brought to a certain convenient form. It is demonstrated that the admissible group of Bogoyavlenskij's symmetry transformations performs as a scaling transformation for the curvilinear coordinates. Analytic description of stationary flows with constant total pressure is given. It is shown, that contact magnetic surfaces of such flows are translational surfaces, i.e. are swept out by translating one curve rigidly along another curve. Explicit examples of solutions with constant total pressure possessing a significant functional arbitrariness are given.